Harsh weather in Oklahoma seems to becoming more common. In 2013, Norman Oklahoma had 4 inches of rain in two hours. That's the most rain in a short time that I can remember. Storm-Water runoff can cause damage to all types of property and buildings. Water getting inside your house is never a good thing. A Drainage System that utilizes a French Drain can help.
Drains can protect your home and property from water damage. CMG installs a wide variety of Drains in many different places. A Drain or Group of Drains with Drain Pipe going to an exit point is a "Drainage System."
An example of a complex drainage system would be: A French Drain in the back yard connected to a Surface Drain near a flower bed connected to several gutter downspouts, which are connected to a Channel Drain going across a driveway, which is connected to additional Surface Drain in the front yard, which runs to a Curb Fitting that lets all the water drain out on to the street.
A simple Drainage System might consist of a Surface Drain that is connected to a second Surface Drain which runs to a Pop-up Emitter which lets water drain over the curb and into the street.
An "Exit Point" is the term used for where all the water leaves the Drainage System. Determining the Exit Point is very critical. It is one of the first things we do when diagnosing a Drainage Problem.
Drainage Systems can:
1. Keep water away from foundations -- A French Drain is best because it can move Surface Water and Sub-Surface Water (water moving under ground) away from the foundation. Many times less experienced companies install Surface Drains to keep water away from foundations. This can be a big mistake. A Surface Drain can't move or drain Sub-Surface Water. Also A Surface Drain often can't move enough water fast enough and easily becomes overwhelmed during a heavy rain. A Surface Drain also can't cover or protect a broad enough area. Surface Drains should be designed in a Drainage System to be located in smaller Drainage Areas moving moderate amounts of water. Surface Drains look better than French Drains. If ,"appearance" is more important than Drainage Capacity, Go with the Surface Drain. Just know what you are getting into and what your expectations should be. One side of a foundation alone, can be over 100 feet. A 4 inch or 6 inch French Drain is best when protecting a large area such as a foundation.
Drainage Systems quickly can become more complicated. Considerations must include:
How does the water get to the problem area? There may be one or many sources.
1. It falls from the sky directly
2. It flows down hill over the surface (surface water)
3. It flows underground under the surface (sub-surface water)
4. It flows from the edge of a roof ( There may be many roofs near the problem area, neighbors etc.)
5. It flows from a gutter downspout
6. It flows over the edge of a gutter because the gutter is too small is is clogged
7. It flows up from the ground (seeps and springs are common in Oklahoma)
8. It flows from a sprinkler system use ( yours or your neighbors)
9. It flows from a leaking pipe ( water mains, water meters, water lines, sprinkler pipes, sprinkler valves)
There are other reasons for Drainage Problems, the above reasons are just the most common.
Once the number of water sources is determined, a rough estimate of the amount of water that needs to be drained away on average must be estimated. This can be simplified down to "SMALL, MEDIUM, OR LARGE AMOUNTS OF WATER TO BE DRAINED AWAY. You don't have to be an engineer trying to calculate fluid dynamics. Experience at diagnosing drainage problems helps however. How much water needs to be moved will help determine the type and size of the Surface Drain or French Drain that needs to be installed. It also helps to determine the size of Drain Pipe required for the Drainage System. A good rule to follow is, "If in doubt, install a larger Drain and Drain Pipe." Unused Drainage Capacity is better than property damage caused by a Drain that is overwhelmed by too much water.
For home and small business use typical materials used are:
6 inch, 9 inch, and 12 inch Surface Drains -
3 inch, 4 inch, and 6 inch Drain Pipes --
3 inch, 4 inch, and 6 inch French Drains --
French Drains move more water than Surface Drains --
French Drains move Surface Water and Sub-Surface Water
Surface Drains move Surface Water only
Surface Drains look nicer than French Drains in most cases
Once the type and number of drains is determined and what size Drain Pipe will connect them, an exit point must be selected. (Where is the Drainage System going to take the water to and release it?)
The Drainage Curb Fitting is installed when the desired exit point for the French Drain will release the Drainage Water into the Street. The Drainage Curb Fitting is rectangular in shape and made to be installed through the curb. A small section of Curb is cut out with a concrete saw. The Section is a few inches wider than the Drainage Curb Fitting. We then install new concrete around the curb fitting. Once the concrete has dried, the Drain Pipe coming from a French Drain or Surface Drain is connected to the Drainage Curb fitting and then covered with dirt.
CMG Sprinklers and Drains designs and installs Drainage Systems. Water Drainage is very important to home owners and small businesses. Standing Water can cause all kinds of problems. Concrete in driveways, sidewalks, and foundations can be damaged. Prolonged Drainage Problems allow mold to occur along with deterioration to plants, trees, and property.
CMG Sprinklers and Drains designs Drainage Systemsto deal with Water Drainage problems. We provide Free Estimates for all of Central Oklahoma. CMG utilizes: French Drains, Trench Drains, Surface Drains, Channel Drains, Basin Drains, and Sump Pumps. Drains can be simple using one type of Drain, or complex using several types of Drains.
The Drain Pipe used by CMG consists of: ADS Perforated with Soc Drain Pipe, ADS Solid Drain Pipe, Sewer and Drain- Drain Pipe, PVC 40 schedule used as Drain Pipe, 200 Class PVC used as Drain Pipe. Using a variety of Drain Pipeand Drains allow us to address Drainage Problems that range from simple to complex and from standard to unique.
Fall is a great time to consider a New Lawn Irrigation System for your home or small business. Give CMG a call and ask us about our WINTER DISCOUNT for Sprininkler Systems Installation for Central Oklahoma. 405-226-0629